Confucius (Kung Futzu) argued for the pursuit of an ideal Noble Man; through the acquiring and practice of proper learning and virtues, one could attain Benevolence and become a gentleman or noble man.
It would then follow that if one were to pursue a life of vice and maintain a steadfast refusal to learn, one would eventually achieve Malevolence and become an asshole.
Unless of course you happen to be female, in which case neither of these philosophies applies. Ladyship, being a more complicated theoretical matter, only began to fully addressed by the advent of cloistered nuns. This, understandably, directly explains the feminist revolt of the 1960s.
Confucious, in effect, precipitated bra burning by not addressing how the Way applied to those with more interesting genitalia and letting the issue fall into the hands of future, less Chinese generations.